The role and contribution of the European Union are crucial as regards the management of the migration phenomenon in Europe and the shaping of a comprehensive common migration policy. The need for equal distribution of the financial weight for the management of migration between member states led to the decision of the European Commission for the establishment of Solidarity Funds, in the frame of the general programme “Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows”. Through these Funds, the EU intends to offer financial assistance to member states regarding their efforts towards a better management of migration that would be beneficial for the Community as a whole. The total amount to be allocated to all member states during the period 2007-2013 it calculated around 4020,37 million euro.
Solidarity Funds are constituted of four Funds: External Border Fund, Return Fund, European Refugee Fund and Integration Fund.
External Border Fund offers financial assistance to the Republic of Cyprus in order to achieve a more effective control and supervision of maritime borders, aiming at the modernisation and sustainability of entrance control points of the country, as well as at the improvement of the function of consulates in third countries. Return Fund supports the efforts of Cyprus to improve the management of forced and voluntary returns of third country nationals to their countries of origin. The European Refugee Fund aims to offer financial assistance to the attempts of the member state concerning the reception of refugees and asylum seekers. Finally, the scope of Integration Fund is to support the efforts made for the integration of third country nationals with different economic, social, religious and national background in Cyprus.